The Editor of a research journal plays an important role in establishing and maintaining the professional standards. Publication of a paper in an HEC recognized journal is expected to be a reflection of quality work of the author (s) and the affiliating institution (if any). The Editor is expected to perform the responsibility towards the journal on its all aspects and at varied stages i.e. from receiving of an article to publishing it. Keeping this in view, it becomes prime responsibility of an editor to adapt the following guidelines while publishing papers in his/her research journal.
1. The Editor’s Jurisdictions are
- Establishing and maintaining quality of the journal by publishing quality papers in his/her journal.
- Promotion of freedom of expression within the cultural, constitutional/legal framework,
- Providing integrity and credibility of the research contributions,
- Meeting the needs of authors and readers,
- Maintaining ethical standards of the journal,
- Providing corrigendum for any correction, clarification and apologies where required.
1.2 Good practices would include to:
- Encourage new ideas and suggestions of authors, peer reviewers, members of editorial board and readers for improving quality of his/her journal,
- Apply the process of blind peer review in true letter and spirit,
- Promote innovative findings in respective field and publishing them on priority,
- Promote anti plagiarism policy,
- Educate contributors (authors) about ethical practices in research, and
- Implement the journal’s policy without institutional pressure and revise the policy from time to time.
1. Formation of Editorial Board
- The Editor must ensure that the Editorial Board comprises prominent scholars of the field who can adequately promote the journal,
- The Editorial Board comprises of and be responsible for the following:
- An Editorial Committee, who will be responsible for providing logistics, and
- Advisory Committee, who will be responsible for reviewing the submitted research articles, this committee should have at least 50% representation of scholars from abroad.
- May appoint Editorial Board members for a prescribed duration and add or revise constitution of the Board if required,
- The Editor will inform new board members about ethical guidelines and their expected role and update the Editorial Board members about development, challenges and any changes made in the journal policy,
- The Editorial Board will maintain quality of the journal because an assigned category by the HEC (e.g. W, X, Y, and Z categories) will depend on the quality of published papers in it. It is the professional duty of the Board members to select credible research work, and
- To ensure smooth functioning of the journal, the Editors are responsible for conducting the Editorial Board meetings on regular basis (at least twice a year).
2. Fair play and Impartiality
- The criteria for the selection of research papers is impartial and the Editor selects academically and scientifically sound articles through section editors suggestions, The Editor will:
- Promptly respond to the author (s) of the papers submitted for publication, and
- Assign a specific number to an article submitted for processing; and pay impartial consideration to all research papers submitted for publication.
- To ensure evaluation of the content of research papers impartially and disregard the discriminating factors, e.g. gender, race, ethnicity, religious belief, cultural sentiments, political affiliation, seniority and/or institutional association of the author(s) while selecting articles for publication,
- To ensure impartiality of the review process by informing the reviewer (s) that s/he needs to disclose any conflicts of interest regarding the submitted research paper.
- The Editor ensures confidentiality of the author(s) and reviewers during the process of double-blind peer review,
- Information pertaining to a research paper will not be disclosed by the Editor to anyone except the author(s), reviewer(s), and editorial board members,
- Upon reaching a decision about a research paper, only the Editor discloses or announces title of the study and name of the author(s) that has been accepted for publication. Any other information may only be disclosed with the prior approval of the author(s), and
- Confidentiality of the participants of the research also be ensured by protecting personal information (e.g. identifiable personal details, images, and/or individual results). Editor declares clear guidelines to the contributors (authors) regarding confidentiality of the individual participant.
- Prior to publication, the content of the manuscript will be kept confidential, both the Editor and reviewer(s) will not share or use any part of the work.
4. Editing and Formatting Guidelines
- The Editor prepared clear guidelines about preparing and formatting of a paper and printed these guidelines in each issue of the journal,
- The guidelines covers information related to 'content' and 'format' of a research paper,
- APA preferred manual of style is declared as a policy decision.
5. The Review Process
- Editor ensures that all published papers have gone through a double-blind peer review, and at least two of the reviewers are from outside the corresponding author’s country.
- The Editor ensures that peer-review is masked in both directions and as such the identity of the author is removed from the manuscript prior to its review in order to protect the confidentiality and privacy.
- The Editor provided complete guidelines to reviewers, including necessary information about the review process and provide them a reviewer comment form for recording his/her comments on the website.
- The Editor ensures that peer review process is prompt, nondiscriminatory and highly professional.
- The Editor develops a system of confidentiality of research papers undergoing the review process.
- The Editor sends reviewers' comments to author(s) promptly and ensures that the corrections suggested by the reviewers are incorporated by the author(s) in true letter and spirit.
- The Editor to critically evaluate peer review practices regularly and make improvements, if require.
- The Editor maintains a database of competent and qualified reviewers. For this purpose, s/he may use various sources other than personal contacts to identify new reviewers (e.g. referring by author (s), citations and references section in a book/journal), and
- The Editor refers troublesome cases (e.g. in case of one acceptance and one rejection or any conflict arisen after review) to Advisory Committee in order to resolve the matter amicably.
6. Dealing with Misconduct
- The Editor encourages reviewers to comment on ethical issues and possible research and publication misconduct (e.g. inappropriate research design, incomplete detail on participant's consent, data manipulation, and presentation).
- The Editor encourages reviewers to comment on the validity of submitted research paper and identify 'subtle (simply copy-paste)' and/or 'blatant (paraphrasing)' type of plagiarism, if, practiced by the author(s).
- The Editor confirms plagiarism (carry out objective check through Turnitin) and
- The Editor is prepared to publish a corrigendum, remove and retract a plagiarized article if it comes to his/her knowledge subsequent to its publication.
- The Editor ensures that multiple papers as a principal investigator submitted by an author should not be published in the same issue.
- Only ONE co-authorship is allowed for those authors who also contribute a research paper as a principal investigator in the same issue.
- For the members of the Editorial Board (including the Editor), it will only be limited to ONE paper per issue either to submit research paper as a principal investigator or co- author, and
- The Editor adopts authorship or co-authorship policy that will set an example in the scientific community and strictly discourage any misconduct (e.g. forcible inclusion of a name in the author list). Authorship should only be given to those individuals who have substantially contributed in the said article.
8. Conflict of Interest
- To ensure unbiased review, the Editor declared a clear cut policy announced in 7 topic of this policy for his/her own submission and a research paper submitted by an Editorial Board member,
- In case of article (s) submitted by the Editor or Section Editor or Editorial Board, the decision pertaining to the submitted article/s, one other Associate/ Section Editors takes responsibility for the evaluation of the article and information pertaining to reviewers are kept confidential.
- The Editor do not use any unpublished information/data from the submitted research paper without the permission of the author(s), and
- Any information received after the peer review process are be kept confidential and not used for personal gains.
10. Publication Decisions
- The Editor only shortlists research papers which have relevance to the scope of the journal clearly stated in the Journal, using his /her judgment, but without any personal bias.
- After completion of the reviewing process, the submission of revised manuscript, and assessing the quality and validity, the Editor has a right to accept or reject a research paper.
- The Editor's decisions to accept or reject a paper for publication is based purely on merit, academic standards and professional demands of the journal.
- The Editor justifies the reason (s) of rejecting a research paper to author(s). This may include:
■ Failure to fit in the scope of the journal (may be communicated after preliminary review)
■ Insufficient depth of content
■ Major errors related to design, analysis, write up and format
■ Any misconduct or conflicting factors (e.g. plagiarism, copyright infringement, legal issues, fake data, authorship issues)
- The Editor timely communicates the editorial decision to the author(s),
- The Editors do not reverse decisions in favor or against author(s) on their own.
11. Establishing a Procedure for Appeal
- An appeal can be submitted to the Editor and the decision of the Editor will be final and non-challengeable on:
■ The rejection of a research paper.
■ Objections to publications causing harm to any party.
■ Infringement of Ethical boundaries in any manner.